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  1. as…as 和……一样


  This classroom is as big as that one.


  He runs as fast as Tom. 他和汤姆跑的一样快。

  否定结构:not as/so…as,“不如……”。上面的两个句子可分别改为:

  This classroom is not as/so large as that one.


  He doesn’t run as/so fast as Tom.


  2. as soon as 一……就……


  I’ll tell him the plan as soon as I see him.


  He’ll go home as soon as he finishes his work.


  3. be busy/enjoy/hate/go on/finish doing sth. 忙于/喜欢/讨厌/继续/完成做某事

  在enjoy, finish, hate, go on, be busy等词语后,一般用动词-ing形式作宾语。例如:

  Lin Tao is busy making a model plane.


  My mother enjoys taking a walk after supper.


  I hate watching Channel Five.


  When someone asked him to have a rest, he just went on working.


  I have finished writing the story.


  4. fill…with 用……装满......; be filled with 充满了……;be full of 充满了......

  ①be filled with 说明由外界事物造成的此种状态,表示被动。例如:

  The box is filled with food.


  ②be full of说明主语处于的状态。此外,还可表示程度,意为“非常”。例如:

  The patient’s room is full of flowers.


  The young man is full of pride.



  I fill the box with food. The box is full of food.

  5. be good/bad for 有利于/有害于……


  Doing morning exercises is good for your health.


  Always playing computer games is bad for your study.


  6. be used to(doing) sth. 习惯于……

  后必须接名词或动名词,可用于现在、过去、将来的多种时态。be 可用get,become来代替。 例如:

  He is used to life in the country.(He is used to living in the country.)


  He will get used to getting up early.


  注意:be used to do 的意思是“被用来做……”。例如:

  Wood is used to make paper.


  7. both…and…两者都……


  Both the students and the teachers will go to the History Museum tomorrow.


  8. can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事


  His joke is too funny. We can’t help laughing.


  9. sth. costs sb. some money 某物花费某人多少钱


  This book cost me five yuan.


  10. either…or… 不是……就是……,或者……或者……


  You may either stay here or go home.


  Either she or I am right. = Either I or she is right.


  11. enough (for sb.) to do sth. 足够……做……


  The ice isn’t thick enough for you to walk on.


  12. feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

  此处like为介词,后面跟动词-ing形式。此句型与would like to do sth.同义。例如:

  I feel like drinking a cup of milk.


  13. feel/find/think it adj./n. to do sth. 认为某事……


  I find it very interesting to play football.


  She thinks it her duty to help us.


  14. get ready for sth./to do sth.

  get ready for sth.意为“为某事做准备”;get ready to do sth.意为“准备做某事”例如:

  We are getting ready for the meeting.


  They were getting ready to have a sports meet at that moment.


  15. get/receive/ a letter from 收到……的来信

  相当于hear from 例如:

  Did you receive a letter from John?


  I got a letter from my brother yesterday.


  16. had better (not) do sth. 最好(别)做某事

  had better为情态动词,其后需用动词原形。had better常用缩写,变成’d better,其否定形式是在其后直接加not。例如:

  We had better go now. = We’d better go now.


  You’d better not go out because it is windy.


  17. have sth. done 使(某事)完成 (动作由别人完成)


  We had the machine repaired.


  注意区分: We have repaired the machine. 我们(自己)已经修好了机器。

  18. help sb. (to) do sth./with sth. 帮助某人(做)某事


  I often help my mother with housework.


  Would you please help me (to) look up these words?


  19. How do you like…? 你认为……怎么样?

  与what do you think of …?同义。 例如:

  How do you like the weather in Beijing?你

  认为北京的天气怎么样? 你觉得这部新电影如何?

  20. I don’t think/believe that… 我认我/相信……不……


  I don’t think it will rain.


  I don’t believe the girl will come.


  21. It happens that… 碰巧……

  相当于happen to do。例如:

  It happened that I heard their secret.

  可改写为: I happened to hear their secret.


  22. It’s/has been +一段时间+since从句 自从某时起做某件事情已经一段时间了


  It’s twenty years since he came here.


  It has been six years since he married Mary.


  23. It is +adj./n. + for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说……

  It是形式主语,真正的主语是不定式to do sth。例如:

  It’s not easy for us to study English well.


  It’s a good idea for us to travel to the south.


  24. It’s + adj. + of sb. to do sth.

  It是形式主语,to do sth.是真正的主语, 当表语(即形容词)能对逻辑主语描述时,常用介词of,而不用for。例如:

  It’s very polite of you to give your seat to old people.


  25. It seems/appears (to sb) that… (在某人看来)好像……


  It seems that he is lying. 看样子他好像是在撒谎。

  It appears to me that he never smiles. 在我看来,他从来没有笑过。

  26. It is +数词+metres/kilometers long/wide… ……是多少米(公里)长(宽)


  It is 20 metres long from this end to that end. 从这端到那端有二十米长。

  27. It’s time for sb. to do sth. 是某人干某事的时候了

  it是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth. 例如:

  It’s time for the child to go to bed.



  ① It’s time for + n. 例如:

  It’s time for school.

  ②It’s time to do sth. 例如:

  It’s time to go to school.

  28. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人多少时间做某事

  it是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth。例如:

  It takes her fifteen minutes to walk to the bus stop from here.


  It took the old man three days to finish the work.


  29. keep (on) doing sth. 一直坚持做某事

  keep doing sth.一般用于静态动词。keep on doing sth.意为“继续不停地做某事”,一般用于动态动词,但二者的区别并不是很严格,有时可以互换。例如:

  Don’t keep on doing such foolish things.


  He kept sitting there all day.


  30. keep…from doing sth. 阻止......做某事

  相当于stop…from doing sth., prevent…from doing sth. 在主动句中,stop和prevent后面的from可以省略,但在被动结构中,from不可以省略。例如:

  Please keep the children from swimming in the sea.


  The big noise outside my room stopped me from doing my homework.


  31. keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事

  不可和keep sb.from doing sth.结构混淆。

  例如:Why do you keep me waiting for a long time? 你为什么让我等了很长时间?

  32. make sb. do sth. 使某人干某事


  例如:He made me work ten hours a day. 他让我每天工作10小时。

  注意:上句如改为被动语态,则work 前的to不能省略。例如:

  I was made to work ten hours a day.

  33. neither…nor… 既不……也不……


  Neither we nor Jack knows him. 我们和杰克都不认识他。

  He neither knows nor cares what happened. 他对发生的事情不闻不问。

  34. not…until… 直到……才......


  He didn’t come until late in the evening.他直到晚上很迟才来。

  He didn’t arrive until the game began. 直到比赛开始他才来。

  35. sb. pays money for sth. 某人花钱买某物


  I’ve already paid 2,000 yuan for the motor bike. 我已经花了2000元买这辆摩托车。

  36. spend time/money on sth./(in)doing sth. 花费(时间、钱)在某事上/做某事


  I spent five yuan on this book. 我在这本书上花了五元钱。

  I spent two hours (in) doing my homework yesterday. 昨晚我花了两个小时做作业。

  37. so…that… 太……以至于……

  用于复合句,that引导的是结果状语从句。so是副词,后面应接形容词或副词,如果接名词,应用such。 例如:

  The ice is so thin that you can’t walk on it. 冰太薄了,你不能在上面走。

  He is such a kind man that we all like him. 他是一个非常好的人,我们都很喜欢他。

  38. stop to do sth., stop doing sth.

  stop to do sth. 意为“停下来去做另一件事”,stop doing sth.意为“停止正在做的事”例如:

  You’re too tired. You’d better stop to have a rest. 你们太累了,最好停下来休息一会儿。

  The teacher is coming. Let’s stop talking. 老师来了,咱们别说话了。

  39. Thank you for doing sth. 感激你做了某事。


  Thank you for giving me the present. 谢谢你给我的礼物。

  Thank you for your help. =Thank you for helping me.谢谢你的帮助。

  40. thanks to 多亏……,由于……


  Thanks to my friend Jim, I’ve worked out this problem. 多亏了我朋友吉姆的帮助,我已经解决了这个问题。

  41. There be句型


  There is a man at the door. 门口有一个人。


  There are two dogs and a cat under the table.桌下有两只狗和一只猫。

  比较:There is a cat and two dogs under the table.

  ②There be 句型中的be不能用have来代替,但可以用lie(位于,躺),stand(矗立),exist(生存),live(生活)等词来替换。例如:

  There stand a lot of tall buildings on both sides of the street. 街道两旁矗立着许多高楼。

  There lies lake in front of our school.我们学校前面有一个湖。

  Once there lived a king here. 这儿曾经有一个国王。

  There is going to be a sports meeting next week. 下周准备开一个运动会。

  there be 的拓展结构: there seem(s)/happen(s) to be…

  There seems to be one mistake in spelling.


  There happened to be a ruler here. 这儿碰巧有把尺子。

  There seemed to be a lot of people there. 那儿似乎有很多人。

  42. The + adj.比较级, the + adj.比较级 越……,越……


  The harder he works, the happier he feels.他工作越努力,就感到越幸福。

  The more, the better. 多多益善。

  43. too+adj./adv. +to do sth. 太……以至于不能…….


  The ice is too thin for you to walk on. 这冰太薄,你不能在上面走。

  The bag is too heavy to carry. 这个袋子太重搬不动。

  44. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

  used to是情态动词,表示过去的习惯动作或状态,现在已不存在,因此只用于过去时态。例如:

  He used to get up early. 他过去总早起。

  When I was yong, I used to play tennis very often. 我年轻时经常打网球。

  否定形式有两种:didn’t use to;used not to,例如:

  He didn’t use to come. = He usedn’t to come. 他过去不常来。

  45. what about…? ……怎么样?

  后面可接名词、代词、动名词等。与“how about…?”同义。例如:

  We have been to Hainan. What about you? 我们去过海南,你呢?

  What about going to the park on Sunday? 星期天去公园怎么样?

  46. What day/date is it today? 今天星期几(几月几日)?

  —What day is it today?


  —What date is it today?

  —June 24th.

  47. What’s wrong (the matter) with…? ……怎么了?

  What’s wrong with you, Madam? 夫人,您怎么了?

  You look worried. What’s wrong with you? 你看上去很焦急,出什么事了?

  48. Why not do…? 为什么不做……?

  谓语动词用原形。与Why don’t you do…?同义。例如:

  Why not go to see the film with us?= Why don’t you go to see the film with us? 为什么不和我们一起去看电影呢?

  49. would like to do sth. 想做……


  I would like to drink a cup of tea.我想喝一杯茶。

  疑问句式:Would you like (to drink) a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?

  50. adj./adv.比较级 + and adj./adv.比较级 越来越......

  若形容词/副词为双音节词及多音节词,则这一结构变为“more and more +形容词/副词”。例如:

  It’s getting warmer and warmer. 天气变得越来越暖和了。

  The little girl becomes more and more beautiful. 小女孩变得越来越漂亮了。

  51. adj.比较级+than


  I know you better than she does. 我比她更了解你。

  This house is bigger than that one. 这所房子比那所房子大。

  52. though-从句


  Though it was snowing, it was not very cold. 虽然下着雪,可并不太冷。

  I was late for the last bus though I hurried. 虽然我拼命赶路,还是没搭上最后一班公交车。

  We didn’t feel tired though we walked a long way. 虽然我们走了很长的路程,但是并没有感到累。

  53. if-从句

  If 引导的是条件状语从句,“如果;假如“。如主句用一般将来时,if从句要用一般现在时(主将从现)。例如:

  If I go to the Great Wall tomorrow, would you like to come along? 如果明天我去长城,你会和我一起去吗?

  If it rains tomorrow, I won’t go. 如果明天下雨,我就不去了。

  54. because-从句

  引导原因状语从句,“因为”。 例如:

  He didn’t hear the knocking at the door because he was listening to the radio. 他没有听见敲门声,因为他正在听收音机。

  55. so + do/be + 主语

  “So + be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语” 表示前面所述内容也适用于另一人或物。be、助动词或情态动词的选择视前面陈述句中谓语动词的时态形式而定。例:

  He likes football and so do I. 他喜欢足球,我也如此。

  Jim was playing football just now and so was Tom. 刚才吉姆在踢足球,汤姆也在踢足球。

  比较: “So +主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”结构,是用来证实前一句所表达的内容(起强调作用)。be、助动词或情态动词的选择视前面陈述句中谓语动词的时态形式而定。

  A: It is very hot today. 今天天气很热。

  B: So it is. 确实如此。

  56. not only…but also… 不但……而且……


  She likes not only singing but also dancing. 她不但喜欢唱歌,而且喜欢跳舞。

  He is not only a good doctor but also a good father. 他不但是个好医生而且是个好爸爸。

  Not only I but also he is hoping to go there. 不但我而且他也想去那儿。

  57. prefer…to… 喜欢……胜过…...

  prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. 意为“两者相比更喜欢(做)其中之一”。在此结构中,to是介词,接名词或动名词,结构中前后所跟成分一样。例如:

  He prefers tea to coffee. 茶与咖啡相比,他更喜欢茶。

  He prefers doing shopping to going fishing.购物与钓鱼相比,他更喜欢购物。

  58. 感叹句型

  What (a/an) + adj. + n. +主语+谓语! How + adj./adv.+ +主语+谓语! 例如:

  What a clever boy (he is)! =How clever the boy is! 这个男孩儿多聪明??!

  What a wonderful film we saw last night! 昨天晚上我们看的电影多精彩啊!

  How lovely the weather is! 天气多好啊!

  How hard he works! 他工作多么努力啊!

  59. 祈使句型

  祈使句型表示命令、请求、劝告等含义。说话的对象通常为第二人称,习惯上常省略。句末用句号或感叹号??隙ㄆ硎咕涫牵何接锒视枚试伪硎?。否定祈使句是:在谓语动词前加do not(don’t)。例如:

  Be here on time tomorrow. 明天准时到这儿来。

  Say it in English! 用英语说!

  Don’t be afraid! 别怕!

  Don’t look out of the window! 不要朝窗外看!

  60. 并列句型

  用并列连词连接起来的两个或两个以上的简单句叫并列句。连接并列句常用的连接词有:and, but, or, so, however, not only…but also..., neither…nor..., either…or…等。例如:

  I help her and she helps me. 我帮助她,她帮助我。

  He is very old but he is in good health. 他年纪很大了,但他身体很好。

  We must hurry, or we’ll be late. 我们得赶快走,不然就晚了。

  Kate does her work carefully, so she never makes any mistakes. 凯特工作很认真,从不出错。

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